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What is Fake News?
Fake news are online stories that appear to be factual but are not. They may appear in websites that appear to be legitimate, although often they are at websites with little or no real news. Unfortunately, sometimes fake news stories are picked up by legitimate media outlets and appear on their websites. This guide offers some resources for identifying fake news stories.
This not-for-profit website verifies the accuracy of statements made by politicians in speeches, debates, and ads. It also investigates political claims by others and calls out fake news stories. It is one of the sites working with Facebook in its program to stop fake news from spreading. FactCheck.org is a project of the Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania.
Politifact verifies political stories and statements from politicians. It rates stories using its trademarked Truth-O-Meter. Politifact is supported by the Tampa Bay Times, other news organizations, and occasional grants from foundations.
Snopes.com fact checks all sorts of rumors and stories, including those which may be considered fake news. It is an independent website that is supported by revenue from the advertising that appears on the site.
Washington Post -- Fact Checker (https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/fact-checker)
The Fact Checker specializes in checking information from political figures and government officials. The website gives Pinocchio ratings to the stories it covers--more Pinocchios means less true/more false. The Washington Post is a major newspaper and news website supported by advertising and subscribers.
Media Bias/Fact Check (https://mediabiasfactcheck.com/)
This website rates the political bias of news outlets. It also rates science sites and has a list of satire/fake news sites. It is an independent website and publishes its methodology for rating sites.
Hoaxy tracks how fake news stories and fact-checking stories spread on social media. It presents the data in graphic formats. Hoaxy is a project of the Indiana University Network Science Institute and the Center for Complex Networks and Systems Research. It is currently in beta testing.