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Physical Therapy & EBM

A resource guide for topics in evidence-based practice for physical therapy.

Locating Evidence

Other e-Resources

Collections of Evidence (available through subscription)

Selected Journal Articles

EBM articles by Trisha Greenhalgh, from July through September, 1997 BMJ

·         Greenhalgh, T.  How to read a paper: the Medline database.  BMJ. 1997 July 19; 315(7101): 180–183.  Available free from PubMed Central.

·         Greenhalgh, T.  How to read a paper: getting your bearings (deciding what the paper is about). BMJ. 1997 July 26; 315(7102): 243–246.  Available free from PubMed Central.

·         Greenhalgh, T.  How to read a paper:  assessing the methodological quality of published papers.  BMJ. 1997 August 2; 315(7103): 305–308.   Available free from PubMed Central.     

·         Greenhalgh, T.  How to read a paper: statistics for the non-statistician. I: Different types of data need different statistical tests.  BMJ. 1997 August 9; 315(7104): 364–366.  Available free from PubMed Central.   

·         Greenhalgh, T.  How to read a paper: statistics for the non-statistician. II: "Significant" relations and their pitfalls.  BMJ. 1997 August 16; 315(7105): 422–425.  Available free from PubMed Central.

·         Greenhalgh, T.  How to read a paper: papers that report drug trials.  BMJ. 1997 August 23; 315(7106): 480–483.  Available free from PubMed Central.

·         Greenhalgh, T.  How to read a paper: papers that report diagnostic or screening tests. BMJ. 1997 August 30; 315(7107): 540–543.    Available free from PubMed Central.

·         Greenhalgh, T.  How to read a paper: papers that tell you what things cost (economic analyses).  BMJ. 1997 September 6; 315(7108): 596–599.    Available free from PubMed Central

·         Greenhalgh, T.  How to read a paper: papers that summarise other papers (systematic reviews and meta-analyses).  BMJ. 1997 September 13; 315(7109): 672–675.   Available free from PubMed Central.

·         Greenhalgh, T.  and R. Taylor.  How to read a paper:  papers that go beyond numbers (qualitative research). BMJ. 1997 September 20; 315(7110): 740–743. Available free from PubMed Central.    

Find Journals/Articles by Title

The J.W. England Library maintains both print and electronic subscriptions to many journals. The best way to determine if we have access to a specific journal or article is to look it up in Primo, the library's discovery system.

Finding a Journal:

1.    Navigate to the Journal Search page in Primo.

2.    Enter all or part of the journal title in the search box and run a search, or click on a letter to browse the list of journals alphabetically.

3.     Titles matching your search will be displayed. If you see the title you are interested in, click on the title to see more information, including the coverage options and the years available.

4.    Most journals are available electronically.  To access the journal online, click on "Online access" or select one of the specific vendor platforms listed in blue in the "View It" section.

5.    A select number of journals are available in print+electronic, or print only.  Print journals are shelved on the second floor of the library and are denoted in Primo by the following label:  J. W. England Library Journals (Second Floor).  Be sure to check that the years we have in print match the year of your article before looking for the journal in the stacks.

Finding an Article:    

  1. To find a specific article, you can begin by searching for the title in the main Primo search bar.  To make sure you retrieve the most complete set of results, sign-in to Primo using your regular USciences username and password.
  2. If you get a large number of results, you can try enclosing the title in quotes to force Primo to do an exact search and narrow down the results. 
  3. On the other hand, if you don't see your article in the results list, click on "Expand My Results" on the right-hand side to expand Primo's searching parameters.
  4. Once you find the article title, determine whether we have access to it through the library:
    • Full Text--If we have electronic access to the article, Primo will say "Full text available".  Click the link to be directed to the article.
    • No Full Text--If we do not have electronic access, Primo will say "No full-text".  Click the link and Primo will either indicate that we have print access or direct you to place an interlibrary loan request.
  5. In a small number of cases, we might have access to an article even if it is not listed in Primo.  You can also search in PubMed, Google Scholar, or one of our other databases.  If you have any questions, Ask a Librarian.

What if the Library Doesn't Have a Journal or Article You Need?

  • If you need an article from a journal we do not subscribe to, you can request the article via ILLiad, our free interlibrary loan service. Learn more about ILLiad and other interlibrary loan options here.  You can place requests in ILLiad either by logging into ILLiad directly or by following the links that appear in Primo when we do not have access to an article.
  • If you need the article right away, you may be able to visit another library and access it there. There are many other libraries in Philadelphia, several of which are located close to USciences. Learn more about using other libraries.

Search Google Scholar

Google Scholar is Google’s tool for searching scholarly literature.

  • Just search using the field below. In your search results, look for the Find Full Text at USciences link next to individual results and click it to access full text via our e-resource subscriptions. (The link should only appear next to items available in our collection.)
  • If you do not see the Find Full Text at USciences link next to an item, look beneath the citation for a link that reads All (#) versions. If present, click this link to see all the locations where the item is hosted online. In some instances, free access may be available through one of these locations. If not, consider placing a request via ILLiad for the item.

Important Note: Google Scholar's search results are not exhaustive, so do not assume that you have found "everything" on your topic via Scholar. It is just one tool to employ in your searches.

Books & e-Books

There are several ways to search for books and e-books in the library collection:

Citing Your Sources

Featured Books from Our Collection